Agricultural drones are drones applied to farming in order to help increase crop production and monitor crop growth. Through the use of advanced sensors and digital imaging capabilities, farmers are able to use these drones to help them gather a richer picture of their fields. Information gathered from such equipment may prove useful in improving crop yields and farm efficiency.
Agricultural drones allow relief for the modern-day farmer. Drone technology can cut down labour requirements and reduce resource requirements (such as fresh water and pesticides). Farmers are also able to use drones to retrieve aerial-view images of their fields; there are currently three different types of view provided to the farmer through a drone. The first is seeing the crop from a birds' eye view; this particular view can reveal many issues such as irrigation problems, soil variation, and of course, pest and fungal infestations. The second view that is able to be received from the drones is something known as multispectral images; these images are used to show an infrared view as well as a visual spectrum view. When these views are combined, the farmer is able to see the differences between healthy and unhealthy plants. This difference is not always clearly visible to the naked eye, so having the ability to see the crops from these views can assist the farmer with assessing crop growth, as well as crop production. Additionally, the drone can survey the crops for the farmer periodically to their liking. From a choice of weekly, daily, or to each hour, the farmer is able to use this information to show the changes in the crops over time, thus showing where there might be some “trouble spots”. This proves to be a key benefit because by identifying these trouble spots, the farmer can then attempt to improve crop management and improve the overall production of their crop.